AMC has the potential to develop into a key technology for the digitization of the construction industry. In order to fully exploit this potential, design, engineering and production must be fundamentally rethought and new digitally controlled methods developed. In particular, the merging of AM manufacturing technologies with Building Information Modeling (BIM) planning methods makes it possible to coordinate the manufacturing processes with design strategies and thus to produce light, free-form and resource-efficient structures. While additive manufacturing is already an alternative manufacturing technology in other branches of industry, there are still fundamental challenges to be solved with the introduction of AMC. First, the transfer of AM technologies to the large scale of the construction industry; second, the necessary variety of materials, which is determined by the complex functional requirements of a building; and third, the required high degree of customization and flexibility in the construction industry.