Colaborative Research Centres comprise long-term research projects. They are often interdisciplinary research institutions of a university and are funded for up to 12 years. Scientists from other universities or research institutions may be involved in Collaborative Research Centres.
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) funds research groups of outstanding scientists within the framework of DFG Research Units. The researchers work together on a specific research task. Research groups are funded for up to six years.
In priority programmes, the German Research Foundation (DFG) funds supraregional collaborations for up to six years. On certain dates, the DFG invites researchers to submit proposals.
Research Training Groups are established by universities to promote early career researchers. They are funded by the DFG for a period of up to nine years. Their key emphasis is on the qualification of doctoral researchers within the framework of a focused research programme and a structured training strategy.