Team and Leadership

Team diagnosis, team development and team interaction processes

Most of today’s work takes place in teams. In our research, we are interested in the behaviour of teams, the diagnosis of teams and the subsequent team development measures. We frequently use the Questionnaire for Working in Teams (Fragebogen zur Arbeit im Team; F-A-T, Kauffeld, 2004) for diagnostic purposes. We further use process analyses to shed light on interaction processes in teams based on objective, behavioural data and analyse these data with the act4teams® coding scheme.

Leader-follower-interaction, Shared Leadership

Many leaders’ everyday life is characterised by demanding communication tasks, such as chairing meetings, leading appraisal interviews or feedback. In our research, we address how leadership, conceptualised as a social influence process, takes effect in communication. We don’t look at leaders as independent individuals, but focus on the interaction processes between leaders and followers. For example, we investigate the influence of leadership in appraisal interviews and team meetings. Furthermore, we research how leadership can be shared in teams.

Current and concluded projects (selection):

Publications (selection):


Kauffeld, S. (2004). Der Fragebogen zur Arbeit im Team [The team work questionnaire]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

Additional information about FAT:
FAT in the Testzentrale
Kauffeld, S. & Frieling, E. (2001). Der Fragebogen zur Arbeit im Team (F-A-T) [The team work questionaire]. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 45, 26-33. doi:10.1026//0932-4089.45.1.26
Mojzisch, A. (2007). Fragebogen zur Arbeit im Team (FAT) [The team work questionaire]. Zeitschrift für Arbeits-und Organisationspsychologie A&O, 51(3), 137-142.


Kauffeld, S. (2001). Teamdiagnose [Team diagnosis]. Göttingen, Germany: Hogrefe.

ISBN-13: 978-3-8017-1412-3 


Contributions to journals:

Endrejat, P. C., & Kauffeld, S. (2016). Über innovationsverhindernde und innovationsfördernde Denkweisen [About Innovation Impeding and Innovation Facilitating Mindsets]. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO), 47, 275–282. doi:10.1007/s11612-016-0337-3

Grille, A. & Kauffeld, S. (2015). Development and preliminary validation of the Shared Professional Leadership Inventory for Teams (SPLIT). Psychology, 6, 75-92.

Handke, L., & Kauffeld, S. (2019). Alles eine Frage der Zeit? Herausforderungen virtueller Teams und deren Bewältigung am Beispiel der Softwareentwicklung [A matter of time? Mastering challenges of virtual team collaboration]. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für Angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO), 50(1), 33-41. doi: 10.1007/s11612-019-00445-5

Handke, L., Klonek, F. E., Parker, S. K., & Kauffeld, S. (2019). Interactive Effects of Team Virtuality and Work Design on Team FunctioningSmall Group Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1046496419863490

Handke, L., Schulte, E.-M., Schneider, K., & Kauffeld, S. (2019). Teams, Time, and Technology: Variations of Media Use over Project Phases. Small Group research 50(2), 266-305. doi:10.1177/1046496418824151

Handke, L., Schulte, E.-M., Schneider, K., & Kauffeld, S. (2018). The medium isn’t the message: Introducing a measure of adaptive virtual communication. Cogent Arts & Humanities. doi: 10.1080/23311983.2018.1514953

Kauffeld, S. (2006). Rezension zu: van Dick, R. & West, M.A. (2005). Teamwork, Teamdiagnose, Teamentwicklung [Review of van Dick, R., & West, M. A. (2005)]. Zeitschrift für Personalpsychologie, 5, 31-32. doi:10.1026/1617-6391.5.1.31 

Kauffeld, S., & Frieling, E. (2001). Der Fragebogen zur Arbeit im Team (F-A-T) [The team work questionnaire]. Zeitschrift für Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie, 45, 26-33. doi:10.1026//0932-4089.45.1.26 

Kauffeld, S., & Grote, S. (2001). Teams in Organisationen: Diagnose und Entwicklung [Teams in organization: Diagnosis and development]. Personalführung, 1, 26-33.

Kauffeld, S., Handke, L. & Straube, J. (2016). Verteilt und doch verbunden: Virtuelle Teamarbeit [Distributed but connected: Virtual teamwork]. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für angewandte Organisationspsychologie, 47 (1), 43-51.

Kauffeld, S. & Lehmann-Willenbrock, N. (2012). Meetings matter: Effects of team meetings on team and organizational success. Small Group Research, 43, 130-158.

Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Allen, J. A. & Kauffeld, S. (2013). A sequential analysis of procedural communication in organizational meetings: How teams facilitate their meetings. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 4, 365-388.

Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Beck, S. J. & Kauffeld, S. (2016). Emergent team roles in organizational meetings: Identifying communication patterns via cluster analysis. Communication Studies, 1, 37-57. [pdf] doi:10.1080/10510974.2015.1074087

Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Chiu, M. M., Lei, Z. & Kauffeld, S. (2017). Understanding positivity within dynamic team interactions: A statistical discourse analysis. Group & Organization Management. doi:10.1177/1059601116628720

Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., Meinecke, A. L., Rowold, J., & Kauffeld, S. (2015). How transformational leadership works during team interactions: A behavioral process analysis. The Leadership Quarterly, 26, 1017-1033.

Meinecke, A. L., Handke, L., Müller-Frommeyer, L. C., & Kauffeld, S. (2019). Capturing non-linear temporally embedded processes in organizations using recurrence quantification analysis. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology. doi: 10.1080/1359432X.2019.1658624

Meinecke, A. L., Klonek, F. E., & Kauffeld, S. (2017). Appraisal participation and perceived voice in annual appraisal interviews: Uncovering contextual factors. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies. doi:10.1177/1548051816655990

Meinecke, A. L., Lehmann-Willenbrock, N., & Kauffeld, S. (2017). What happens during annual appraisal interviews? How leader-follower interactions unfold and impact interview outcomes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 102(7), 1054-1074. doi:10.1037/apl0000219

Meinecke, A. L., & Kauffeld, S. (2019). Engaging the Hearts and Minds of Followers: Leader Empathy and Language Style Matching During Appraisal Interviews. Journal of Business and Psychology, 34(4), 485-501. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-018-9554-9

Paulsen, H. F. K. & Kauffeld, S. (2016). Ansteckungsprozesse in Gruppen. Die Rolle von geteilten Gefühlen für Gruppenprozesse und Ergebnisse [Contagion in groups: the role of shared feelings for group processes and outcomes]. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für angewandte Organisationspsychologie. doi:10.1007/s11612-016-0340-8. For more Information click here

Paulsen, H. F. K., Klonek, F. E., Schneider, K., & Kauffeld, S (2016). Group affective tone and team performance: A week level study in project teams. Frontiers in Communication 1, 7. doi: 10.3389/fcomm.2016.00007

Sauer, N. C. & Kauffeld, S. (2013). Meetings as networks: Applying social network analysis to team interaction. Communication Methods & Measures, 7, 26-47.

Schulte, E.-M., Gessnitzer, S., & Kauffeld, S. (2016). Ich - wir - meine Organisation werden das überstehen! Der Fragebogen zur  individuellen, Team- und organisationalen Resilienz (FITOR) [I – we – my organization will survive it! The questionnaire to measure individual, team and organizational resilience (FITOR)]. Gruppe. Interaktion. Organisation. Zeitschrift für angewandte Organisationspsychologie (GIO), 47, 139-149. doi: 10.1007/s11612-016-0321-y

Schulte, E.-M., Lehmann-Willenbrock, N. & Kauffeld, S. (2015). Treat us fairly and we won't complain: Multilevel effects of procedural justice on team meeting interaction. Psychology, 6, 1795-1810.

Straube, J., Meinecke, A. L., Schneider, K., & Kauffeld, S. (2018). Effects of Media Compensation on Team Performance: The Role of Demographic Faultlines. Small Group Research, 49(6). doi: 10.1177/1046496418796281

Contributions to textbooks:

Grote, S., & Kauffeld, S. (2007). Stabilisieren oder dynamisieren: Das Balance-Inventar der Führung (BALI-F) [Stabilize or dynamize: The Balance-Inventory of Leadership]. In J. Erpenbeck, & L. v. Rosenstiel (Eds.), Handbuch Kompetenzmessung (2nd ed., pp. 317-336). Stuttgart, Germany: Schäffer-Poeschel.

Kauffeld, S., & Schulte, E.-M. (2013). Führung in Teams [Leadership in teams]. In M. Landes, & E. Steiner (Eds.), Psychologie der Wirtschaft (pp. 385-402). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.

Kauffeld, S., & Schulte, E.-M. (2012). Teamentwicklung und Teamführung [Team development and team leadership]. In P. Heimerl, & R. Sichler (Eds.), Strategie - Organisation - Personal - Führung (pp. 559-594). Wien, Austria: falcultas wuv (UTB).

  last changed 04.09.2019
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