Liu, P.; Zhang, Q.; Wang, A.; Wen, S.; Pannek, J.:
Operator-Based Adaptive Tracking Capacity Control in Complex Manufacturing Processes.
Applied Sciences. , December 2022.


Nowadays, quickly changing customer demands are a big challenge in the manufacturing industry, especially for job shops, which are typical coupling and nonlinear multi-input–multi-output (MIMO) systems. In order to achieve good shop floor performance in the presence of short-term demand fluctuations, a key performance indicator—work in process (WIP)—is required to be effectively controlled in the vicinity of the desired levels. For this purpose, a machinery-oriented capacity adjustment approach via a reconfigurable machine tool (RMT) is employed to flexibly balance capacity and load in the case of a bottleneck. A mathematical model concerning the RMT and WIP was first established in the presence of uncertainty and delays. The operator-based robust right coprime factorization (RRCF) method was adopted to stabilize the uncertain system, and adaptive integral separated proportional–integral (ISPI) tracking controllers were further designed to improve the transient and robustness performance. The performance of the proposed ISPI-RRCF was analyzed and compared with that of a state-of-the-art method in a simulation. The results showed that both control systems could ensure that the WIP was within an allowed bound, while the former had lower overshoots, shorter setting times, and more concentrated distributions facing stochastic demands. This further indicated the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm in the avoidance of serious bottlenecks and unbalanced capacity distributions.