Yurdakul, A.; Schnieder, E.; Hodon, M.:
Creation of a Consistent Railway Safety Terminology by Modeling.
Euro-Zel 2014 - 22nd International Symposium, Zilina, Slowakei, Juni 2014.
In the last decades, new and different domains with a specific terminology develop because of the increasing technical progress. A change of a property or characteristic of a term effects the change of its linguistic description. This multidisciplinarity influences the development of monolingual and multilingual communication problems between non-professionals and experts of a special domain, between experts of a special domain or between experts of different domains. Furthermore, the reason for these linguistic problems is the different description of one term in different domains. Among these problems, there are the synonymy, ambiguity and terminological gaps. The target of this paper is to solve these problems between English railway safety terms by a terminology modeling process on the basis of a linguistic method. In general, the modeling process consists of four steps. Firstly, the railway safety terms “safety”, “security”, “hazard”, “danger”, “harm” and “damage” have to defined by normative sources (e.g. I.S. EN 50126, I.S. EN 50128, I.S. EN 50129) and railway glossaries (e.g. ERTMS Glossary). Secondly, the railway safety terms are related with each other by relation types (e.g. synonymy, ambiguity, antonymy etc.). Thirdly, we will propose a linguistic method for solving the different relation problems of these terms by an analysis of their different word classes in a word paradigm and the word formative (morphological) structure. As a result of the three steps, we intend to create a consistent “railway safety terminology building” as a terminological knowledge network by a graphic visualisation. The visualisation is important for the linguistic and functional structuring of terminology.